sore throat - definition
It is a condition characterized by scratchiness, irritation or painful sensations of the throat that often worsens as a patient tries to swallow.
It is a symptom of a viral or bacterial infection, such as common cold. The disorder is also referred to as Pharyngitis. However, Pharyngitis or inflammation of the throat (pharynx) is a separate condition of which sore throat is the main symptom.
sore throat - causes
The majority of cases of sore throat result from infection by viruses that are responsible for flu (influenza) and common cold. In less common cases, soreness of throat occur due to bacterial infections.
The causes of this disorder are categorized into three types:
sore throat - symptoms
The symptoms of this disorder may vary on the basis of the underlying cause. The typical signs and symptoms of the disease, as experienced by most sufferers, usually include:
sore throat - diagnosis
The diagnosis of this disease usually begins with a physical examination, whether for children or adults. This may be followed up by other exams, such as:
sore throat - treatment
Sore throat resulting from a bacterial infection is treated with antibiotic drugs. The most common form of antibiotic remedy involves oral intake of Penicillin for 10 days, which is effective for strep throat infections. Those allergic to Penicillin are prescribed an alternative drug. Patients must take the full course of antibiotic medications to have the infection go away completely. Failure to do so might make the infection recur.
In cases where the condition is caused by factors other than viral or bacterial infection, treatment consists of curing the underlying cause.
sore throat - home remedies
The common home remedies for this condition include the following:
sore throat - prevention
The best prevention for sore throat is to maintain good hygiene, so as to avoid contracting the germs that lead to bacterial and viral infections causing soreness of throat. The preventive measures include:
sore throat - pictures
The images here would prove useful to you in understanding this condition.
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